A Small Disadvantaged Business (SDB) is a little business that is at least 51 percent possessed by a number of individuals who are both socially and financially disadvantaged. SDB position makes an organization qualified to receive bidding and contracting advantage programs involved with Federal procurement. THE TINY Business Administration (SBA) defines socially disadvantaged groups as those people who have been, historically, put through “racial or ethnic prejudice or cultural bias” within the bigger American culture.
Identified groupings include: African Americans, Asian Pacific Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans and Subcontinent Asian Americans. Members of other groups may qualify if they can demonstrate that they meet established requirements satisfactorily. Economically disadvantaged individuals are defined as those for whom impaired usage of financial opportunities has hampered the capability to compete in the free enterprise system, in contrast to people in similar businesses who aren’t identified as socially disadvantaged. Originally, businesses needed to be certified by the SBA to be eligible for SDB status. Since October 2008, companies have been able to self-certify. However, a business owner should read the meanings carefully and prepare a defense for just about any potential problems to the business’s SDB position.
Reports, called OLAP cubes also, use: – Measures that are data components of interest. In the next number a measure is Store Sales Net. 13. • Dimensions that are characteristics of the measure. In the amount below a dimension is Product Family. 14. • A display like what you saw in the last slide is often called an OLAP cube or a cube.
17. What are typical data-mining applications? Fig 9-11-Convergence Disciplines for Data Mining on Businesses use statistical ways to find patterns and associations among data and utilize it for classification and prediction. Data mining techniques are a mixture of statistics and mathematics, and artificial machine-learning and cleverness. 18. Data mining • Because data mining is an odd blend of terms from different disciplines, it may also be referred to as knowledge breakthrough in directories. 20. N Market-Basket Analysis is a data-mining tool for identifying sales patterns. N It can help businesses create cross-selling opportunities. 21. Decision-Trees • A decision tree is a hierarchical arrangement of criteria that predict a value or classification.
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It’s an unsupervised data-mining technique that chooses the most useful qualities for classifying entities on some criterion. It uses if…then guidelines in your choice process. Next are two illustrations •. 23. What’s the goal of data warehouses and data marts? Fig 9-15 The different parts of a Data Warehouse or Data warehouses and data marts address the issues companies have with missing data values and inconsistent data.
They also help standardize data forms between functional data and data purchased from third-party vendors. N These facilities prepare, store, and manage data for data mining and analyses specifically. 24. N Figure 9-16, still left, lists a few of the data that’s readily available for purchase from data vendors n A number of the problems companies experience with functional data are shown in the physiques 9-17 below.